Landscape and biodiversity

The protection of biodiversity and ecological diversity is of primary importance for sustainable development and in order to guarantee a proper balance between human activities and the natural environment. It is therefore necessary to evaluate the context in which a company operates to analyse its potential impact on biodiversity. The SEA Group is mindful of its position within a green environment, particularly in relation to Malpensa, and this requires a close monitoring of the impact from business activities and a commitment to mitigating actions.


A number of areas surrounding the Linate airport are within the South Milan Agricultural Park (created by Law No. 24 of 23/4/1990), comprising a vast area which extends over nearly all of the southern half of the province of Milan.

Forlanini Park, one of the major urban parks in Milan, and the Idroscalo lake adjoin the airport.

Opened in 1970, the Park draws on the heritage of the Lombardy countryside, characterised by an extensive network of trees and the picturesque Salesina Lake, fed by surface water and rain water which, with extensive surrounding vegetation, provides a good habitat for birds and fish.


The airport is within the Valle del Ticino Regional Park. The Park spans ten of the eleven municipalities within the Malpensa Area Territorial Plan. The only municipality outside the park is Busto Arsizio.

The natural reserves of the park and the relative protected areas are concentrated within the valley of the river, beginning with the Villoresi and Naviglio Grande canals, far from the airport, separated by wooded areas alternated with protected cultivated zones of little natural value but of high ecological value, also for the lessening of the impact of the airport. The landscaped areas of the Park are located away from the airport, buffered by the residential areas of Somma Lombardo, Arsago Seprio and Casorate Sempione.

The SEA Group previously, with the assistance of the Lombardy Forest Region Company (today ERSAF) has introduced a Malpensa Green Plan relating to the organization – undertaken by SEA and other local bodies – of the green areas within the airport, which concerns principally the replanting and improvement of woodlands and the creation of grass and hedged areas.

SEA recently carried out infrastructural actions at the Malpensa airport which involved a number of wooded areas, however particularly introducing non-native trees such as locust trees and wild cherry plant, for a total of 20.88 hectares.

This offsetting, in collaboration with the Ticino Park, which SEA implemented with the assistance of ERSAF (the Regional Body for Agricultural and Forestry Services), involved a series of investments overall totalling for SEA approx. Euro 2 million, with the planting of over 70,000 trees, concerning:

  • replanting for 23.85 hectares;
  • forestry improvements for 113.70 hectares.

Under the New Malpensa Master Plan, currently in the authorisation phase, particular attention was focused on the place of the airport within the Park environmental system, establishing a wide range of environmental actions to offset and/or mitigate the loss of part of the natural environment, which was necessary and fundamental for the extension of the airport.


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